Level:Part II (yr 3)
Course Convenor:Professor A Krier
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Prior to PHYS351, the student must have successfully completed:
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Curriculum Design: Outline Syllabusback to top
Crystal binding and structural principles. Bravais lattice. Unit cell. Miller indices. Important structures, Sodium chloride, diamond, zinc blende, close packed elements.
Crystal symmetry. Translation, rotation, glide, reflection, inversion.
Properties of X-rays. Basic crystallographic techniques. Laue, rotation, powder, diffractometer.
X-ray diffraction. Reciprocal lattice. Ewald sphere. Analysis of data, positions and intensities of spots. Structure factor. Fourier transform.
Educational Aims: Subject Specific: Knowledge, Understanding and Skillsback to top
This module aims
- To provide an experimental background to lecture courses in solid state physics
- To teach students the basic principles of crystal structure and symmetry
- To demonstrate the main techniques of X-ray crystallography
- To reinforce various mathematical concepts involved in the description of solid state behaviour
Learning Outcomes: Subject Specific: Knowledge, Understanding and Skillsback to top
At the end of this laboratory module, the student should:
- have become acquainted with some of the most important types of crystal structure through working with crystal models
- have obtained hands-on experience of using X-rays to analyse crystal structures and symmetries
- have acquired basic photographic experience
- have applied the concepts of reciprocal lattice to analysing X-ray crystallographic photographs
- have developed experience of working in a team on a short open-ended project on some aspect of crystallography
- have developed report writing skills
Curriculum Design: Select Bibliographyback to top
Kittel (Wiley) Introduction to Solid State Physics
Azaroff (Wiley) Crystallography